Dan kad je Marlon Brando odbio Oscara

Marlon-Brando-in-The-Godf-001Jedan od najzanimljivijih trenutaka u historiji dodjele nagrade Američke filmske akademije dogodio se na današnji dan, 28. marta 1973.

Te godine, Oscar za glavnu mušku ulogu trebala je otići u ruke slavnog Marlona Branda, za ulogu u filmu Kum, ali ju je on odbio primiti zbog diskriminirajućeg odnosa Hollywooda prema američkim Indijancima.

Brando se nije čak ni pojavio na svečanoj dodjeli nagrade, nego je u svoje ime poslao Sacheen Littlefeather, pripadnicu Apača, koja je održala dirljiv govor pred prisutnima i pretrpjela zvižduke, ali i pljesak iz publike.

Brando je ovim činom postao jedan od samo tri glumca u historiji Oscara koji su odbili nagradu: druga dvojica su George C. Scott i Dudley Nichols.

Pismo u originalu možete ptočitati na sljedećem LINKU.

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  1. DEKLARACIJA O NEZAVISNIM INTELEKTUALCIMA

    Podsjećajući da inteligencija predstavlja stvarni oslonac i potporu svakog društva;

    Znajući da sadašnjost i budućnost jednog naroda i (ili) društva zavisi od stepena zrelosti inteligencije i njene sposobnosti da uočava, prati, razumije, predviđa i utiče na moguće društvene tokove, a sve to uočavajući, prateći i razumjevajući globalne civilizacijske trendove;

    Znajući da je svakodnevna kreativna djelatnost slobodne i nezavisne inteligencije najkvalitetnija brana eventualnim anticivilizacijskim i antidemokratskim tokovima u jednom društvu;

    Podsjećajući na sve tehnologije bivšeg jugoslovenskog režima usmjerene da se, kroz porazne školske (anti)reforme suštinski onemogući konstituisanje nezavisne inteligencije, hiperprodukcijom diploma i raznih naučnih titula sroza ugled nezavisne misli na nivo koji je čini potpuno bezopasnom po vladajući režim;

    Smatrajući da treba praviti preciznu razliku između pojma nezavisnog intelektualca i nosioca određenog stepena akademskog zvanja;

    Smatrajući nezavisnim intelektualcem čovjeka koji slobodno, bez zazora i obzira na opasnosti saopštava i publikuje svoje mišljenje o pojavama u društvu kojem pripada, jer je sloboda u samoj biti nezavisnosti;

    Smatrajući nezavisnim intelektualcem čovjeka koji se aktivno zalaže za odbranu i stalno unaprjeđenje civilizacijskih dostignuća, demokratije, te stalno širenje prostora ljudske slobode, razumijevanja i saživota;

    Smatrajući nezavisnim intelektualcem čovjeka koji stalno i uporno reaguje na pojave u društvu i o njima saopštava svoj precizan stav komentarišući i iznoseći sve činjenice, a potom čvrsto stojeći iza činjeničnog skupa kojeg smatra ispravnim i moralnim;

    Sječajući se blistavih primjera nezavisnih intelektualaca u bivšim komunističkim zemljama koji su u uslovima otvorenog terora svojim činom postajali svjetionici slobode čitavih porobljenih naroda;

    Sjećajući se danas, između ostalih Andreja Saharova, Adama Mihnjika, Vaclava Havela, Aleksandra Solženjicina i čitave plejade drugih,

    Sjećajući se ukupnog djelovanja nezavisnih intelektualaca Rusije, Poljske, Litvanije, Letonije, Estonije, Češke, Slovačke itd;

    Podsjećajući na sadašnje stanje Crne Gore,

    Liberalni savez Crne Gore na Prvoj vanrednoj Skupštini, održanoj 9. i 10. decembra 1995. godine na Cetinju, usvaja

    DEKLARACIJU O NEZAVISNIM INTELEKTUALCIMA
    kojom pozivamo

    Univerzitetsku inteligenciju iz redova profesora i studenata, zatim kulturne i javne radnike, u prvom redu one čija bi javna riječ zbog njihovih naučnih i umjetničkih dostignuća imala političku težinu da koristeći postojeća nezavisna i opoziciona glasila, koristeći ustavno pravo na slobodu okupljanja i tsl. uporno ukazuju na stanje ljudskih prava i sloboda i stepena demokratije u Crnoj Gori, te da otvoreno, bez zazora, javno stanu iza projekta nezavisne, demokratske i slobodne crnogorske države.

    Uvjereni smo, usvajući ovu rezoluciju, da je to jedini način stvaranja garancije za uspješnost ostvarenja našeg nepokolebljivog cilja – nezavisne, demokratske i slobodne crnogorske države i nemjerljiv doprinos učvršćivanju slabašnih demokratskih procesa u Crnoj Gori, kao i mjera naše istorijske odgovornosti po sudbinu Cme Gore i njenih građana u ovom trenutku.

    Cetinje, 9. i 10. decembar 1995. godine

  2. Ne vjerujem da Čovjek nema izbor, ima.

    Taj izbor je duboko intiman, svoj, tvoj, njegov ili njen i ničiji drugo. Ako izbor učiniš zbog sebe, gledajući na mir sa samim sobom kao na vrt mirisni u sebi, koji zalivaš, njeguješ i paziš, ako taj izbor nije zbog drugih da bi se istakao među njima, ako ne očekuješ zbog izbora nagradu, takav izbor je pravi. – Slavko Perović

  3. “Thousands of candles can be lit from a single candle, and the life of the candle will not be shortened. Happiness never decreases by being shared.”

  4. 1942: Richard M. Milanovich is born on Soboba Reservation in nearby Banning. He grows up in Section 14 housing in Palm Springs. He attends Cahuilla Elementary School and Palm Springs High School.

    1960-1963: Richard M. Milanovich serves in the United States Army.

    1972: Richard M. Milanovich returns to Palm Springs. Between 1972 and 1978, he runs unsuccessfully for Tribal Council three times.

    1978: Richard M. Milanovich is elected to Tribal Council.

    1977: Richard M. Milanovich marries Melissa Schmidt.

    1984: Richard M. Milanovich is elected as Tribal Chairman.

    1984 -1989: Chairman Milanovich helps craft ground-breaking land-use agreements with city of Cathedral City, city of Rancho Mirage, and Riverside County, modeled on an agreement struck with city of Palm Springs in the late 1970s, while he was a member of the Tribal Council. The intergovernmental deals were among the first of their kind and served as a model for Tribes throughout the rest of the country.

    1991: Agua Caliente Cultural Museum is established as a not-for-profit organization to preserve, interpret, and provide access to the history and culture of the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians and other Cahuilla peoples — a long-standing dream of Chairman Milanovich.

    1993: Under the Chairman’s leadership, the Tribe purchases the Spa Hotel.

    1995: The Spa Resort Casino in downtown Palm Springs opens.

    1996: Chairman Milanovich graduates with a Bachelor of Science in Business and Management from the University of Redlands.

    1998: Chairman Milanovich is honored with a star on the Palm Springs Walk of Fame.

    1999: Chairman Milanovich receives the Bureau of Land Management’s “Legacy of Land Award” given by the Department of Interior. Chairman Milanovich is named one of 365 “Valley Legends” of the 20th century by The Desert Sun.

    1999-2000: The Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians, along with other Southern California Tribes, negotiate casino pacts with Governor Gray Davis, and the California voters’ approval of Prop. 1A in 2000 put the pacts in place.

    2000: Chairman Milanovich is honored as the Palm Springs Area Boy Scouts’ Distinguished Citizen of the Year.

    2001: Chairman Milanovich receives the Desert Business Achievement Award and the 2001 Spirit of the Valley Award. After decades of struggle with water rights, flood control, and squatter issues, Tahquitz Canyon reopens with a new visitors’ center and guided hikes.

    2003: The Palm Springs Stroke Recovery Center honors Chairman Milanovich as Man of the Year for his philanthropic efforts. New Spa Resort Casino opens. The Desert Sun headline reads: “Spa Casino seen as new catalyst for downtown.”

    2004: Chairman Milanovich is appointed to the Native American Stewardship Committee for the Autry National Center. Indian Canyons Golf Resort opens.

    Measure U is approved by the voters of the city of Palm Springs to allow the Tribe to build an entertainment district on Section 14 in downtown Palm Springs to help grow the local economy. Chairman Milanovich becomes a Member of the Department of Interior’s Office of the Special Trustee Advisory Board for American Indians.

    2005: Palm Springs Chamber of Commerce recognizes the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians as “Large Business of the Year.”

    2006: International Hispanic Awards honors Chairman Milanovich for outstanding Humanitarian Leadership. Chairman Milanovich is instrumental in negotiating a gaming compact with Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger that allows the Tribe to expand its business.

    2007: New Tribal Administration Plaza opens on Dinah Shore Drive. Chairman Milanovich is honored as Desert Magazine’s 2007 Person of the Year.

    2006-2008: Milanovich and Governor Schwarzenegger negotiated a casino-expansion deal. After a long battle, voters ultimately approved the measures in 2008.

    2008: Agua Caliente Casino Resort Spa Hotel Opens with 314 deluxe guest rooms, 24 executive suites, and 2 presidential suites.

    Chairman Milanovich becomes Chair of the Department of Interior’s Office of the Special Trustee Advisory Board for American Indians. Proposition 97 passes, which ratifies amendment to the existing gaming compact between the state and the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians and permits the Tribe to operate up to 3,000 additional slot machines.

    Under Chairman Milanovich’s leadership, both Indian Canyons Golf Resorts return to tribal leadership. His re-election marks the Chairman’s standing as the Tribe’s longest-serving Chairman in tribal history.

    2009: Coachella Valley’s premier entertainment venue “The Show” opens with sold out concerts and rave reviews.

    2010: Rancho Mirage Chamber of Commerce honors Chairman Milanovich as Business Man of the Year. The Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians erects the first of four 1.5-ton granite monuments to be mounted at the four corners of Section 14. The monument formally recognizes the importance that Section 14 had on the history, culture and economic livelihood of the Tribe and the city of Palm Springs.

    2011: Chairman Milanovich is honored at dinner in the Canyons for his unprecedented tenure as Tribal Chairman and his enormous contributions to his Tribe and to the community of Palm Springs.

    2012 March 11, 2012: The Chairman passed away.

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